Mental Health at Work is Strongly Linked to Workplace Stress
Mental Health in the Workplace is linked to workplace levels of Stress. Some companies question whether individuals mental health should be ascribed to them personally and their own personal psycho social issues. But increasing research evidence shows a clear delineation between the types of stressors at work that are "independent" of an individuals mental health issues.
In fact, excessive workplace stress leads to a syndrome called Burnout. Burnout is a syndrome that results from chronic stress at work, with serious consequences to workers' well-being and health including physical and psychological impacts.
Burnout is a syndrome that results from chronic stress at work,
with several consequences to workers' well-being and health.
A 2017 meta analysis of 36 different studies showed........
In a 2017 meta analysis of 36 different studies on Burnout at work, consequences on employees physical health included:
- Type 2 diabetes,
- Coronary heart disease,
- Hospitalisation due to cardiovascular disorder, musculoskeletal pain, changes in pain experiences,
- Prolonged fatigue, headaches, gastrointestinal issues, respiratory problems, severe injuries and
- Mortality below the age of 45 years.
The psychological effects were:
- Insomnia, depressive symptoms, use of psychotropic and antidepressant medications,
- Hospitalisation for mental disorders and psychological ill-health symptoms.
- Job dissatisfaction, absenteeism, and presenteeism were identified as professional outcomes.
The Costs of a Mentally Unhealthy Workplace
A mentally healthy workplace is one that protects and promotes mental health and empowers people to seek help for depression and anxiety, for the benefit of the individual, the organisation and the community. It is one that recognises workplace stressors and provides preventative health and well-being strategies to reduce the risks and costs of physical and psychological burnout and stress at work.
According to Worksafe Australia, (2015), around 91% of workers’ compensation claims involving a mental health condition were linked to work-related stress or mental stress. So the organisational as well as personal costs of highly stressed people are enormous. In fact research on the State of Mental Health in the Workplace in Australia states:
Mental health conditions cost Australian workplaces approximately
$10.9 billion per year.
This comprises $4.7 billion in absenteeism,
$6.1 billion in presenteeism and
46 million in compensation claims.
In mentally unhealthy workplace 46% of workers have taken time off due to feeling stressed, depressed, anxious or mentally unhealthy. Further, employees who believe their workplace is mentally unhealthy are unlikely to disclose within their workplace if they are experiencing a mental health condition, seek support from HR/management, or offer support to a colleague with a mental health condition.
This means that if you are in an organisation that has limited workplace health initiatives, it is even more crucial for you to ask how your employees are this Thursday 12th September RUOK day. Even more important though is to begin the conversation with management about how you can start embedding a culture of psychological safety and wellbeing. "Walking the talk."
THREE WAYS TO PREVENT BURNOUT AND IMPROVE MENTAL HEALTH THIS RUOKDAY
1. Have a Conversation
Asking your colleagues if they are ok in an authentic and connected way is one of the most powerful ways to check in with people at work one on one. This may be a friend, mentor, boss or work colleague that you have developed a relationship with.
RUOK recommends you:
1. Check whether you are in a good headspace yourself first.
2. Ensure you have the time, capability and space to really actively listen.
3. Be prepared that someone may get upset, emotional and embarrassed.
4. Ensure you choose a time and place that is comfortable and appropriate for both of you.
ASK THEM IF THEY ARE OK
Then ask them open ended questions such as, "How are things going for you?",
"How are you travelling?"
"What's going on right now?" or,
"I've noticed you seem more tired than usual, what's been happening?'
Listen Without Judgement
Aim to listen without interrupting and encourage them to explain. Take seriously what they are saying and try and be patient while they are explaining themselves. Let them know you are asking because you are concerned.
Encourage them to take action by taking the next step such as speaking with their doctor, a family member, a trusted friend or EAP advisor about where to from here. Ask them how you can help and what they need from you.
Then, in a few days, follow up and check in on them to see how they have gone and how they are. If they have not followed up try not to be judgemental and realise it may take them some time to reach out for professional help. Try and remain open and positive about getting help at some time in the future.
2. Implement Mindfulness Based Training and Practice Strategies
Research on mindfulness in the workplace shows, mindfulness reduces stress, worry, and emotional reactivity, whilst increasing working memory, cognitive flexibility, self-awareness, ethical behaviour, relationship satisfaction and well-being.
Mindfulness trains us to become aware and reduce our negative brain bias. This can help significantly with our perception of the world, our place in it and our understanding of our strengths and resources approaching work and life with a greater state of equanimity and calm. Eight week evidence based mindfulness courses have been shown to significantly reduce stress, anxiety and depression.
Whilst we know more research on mindfulness is necessary. According to Dr David Vago, Harvard based neuroscientist and Research Directer at the Osher Centre of Integrative Medicine says. that there is very good quality evidence research on Mindfulness in reducing stress, depression and anxiety. And growing evidence on resilience, emotional intelligence and emotional regulation. Despite conflicting press on Mindfulness and the quality of the research,
In addition, there are now a number of workplace-specific papers on the effect of mindfulness on staff. For example, Hafenbrack et al (2013) found mindfulness improved decision making; Dane et al (2013) said it increased the ability to work in high-pressure environments; and Adams (2011), that it improved work-life balance.
Here are three practical Mindfulness exercises you can use to instantly reduce stress and switch off your Sympathetic Nervous System:
- Here is a 5 min – Breath Awareness narrated by Diana Winston – MARC at UCLA (UCLA Mindful Awareness Research Center ).
- And a 2 minute version by us at Mindful Life Training
- Review our September Stress Busting Mindfulness Options